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Wogart 2020
Issues of International Finance in Developing Countries
The Bretton Woods Institutions and International Financial Support for Public and Private Sector Activities
Inhalt: Up to the Middle of the 19th Century, international finance was surviving with flexible exchange rates and rather informal markets. Then England introduced the Gold Standard and other countries followed suit up to WW I. After the breakdown of world trade and finance during the Great Depression and WW II, the rebuilding of the international financial infrastructure started with the creation of the Breton Woods Institutions, which have been responsible for worldwide liquidity, exchange rates and macroeconomic monitoring (IMF) and project and program financing of reconstruction and development (World Bank Group). Other institutions supporting worldwide financial rules and regulations include the Bank for International Settlements (BIS), The London and Paris Club of Creditor and Debtor countries and more recently the World Trade Organization (WTO).

HINWEIS: Der Vortrag ist in englischer Sprache. Das Skript zum Vortrag umfasst 7 Seiten Text.
Skriptauszug: World War I and its aftermath of continued distrust and virulent nationalism, as well as the decline of the dominant international power of the UK weakened that system. Countries wanted to determine their own macroeconomic policies in general and their monetary policies in particular without interference of foreign markets with the result that foreign exchange transaction were highly regulated and manipulated to the detriment of international trade and investment. To make matters worse nation sates enaged in “beggar-my-neighbor policies of devaluations in order to stimulate their exports and raise the barriers of impoits, a prescription for disaster and a classical example of the fallacy of composition .

At the end of World War II, the Allies sat down and decided to not repeat the mistakes made after WW I. As part of the United Nations but financially independent, it founded the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank.(IBRD) at Bretton Woods, a small location ...
Stichwörter: Internationale Finanzierung Entwicklungsländer Schwellenländer Finanzsysteme Lateinamerika Asienkrise Kleinstkredite Mikro-Finanzierung Bretton Woods Institutionen Internationaler Währungsfond Weltbank Vortrag
Referent: Dr. Jan-Peter Wogart (Hochschule Bremen)
Länge: 13.47 Minuten
Empfehlungen: Issues of International in Developing Countries Finance without Frontiers - Part 2 >>> weiter
Literaturhinweise: The Asian Development Bank / ADB Institute, „Asia: Responding to Crises“
The International Monetary Fund, „Finance and Development“; Washington; ISSN 0015-1947
The World Bank and The Oxford University Press, „Globalization and national financial systems“ (Edited by James A. Hanson, Patrick Honohan and Giovanni Majnoni); Washington D. C.; 2003; ISBN 0-8213-5208-3
J. D. von Piscke, „Finance at the Frontier – Debt Capacity and the Role of Credit in the Private Economy“; Washington D. C.; 1991; ISBN 0-8213-1818-7
Latin Finance Magazine, „Latin America“ Coral Gables (U. S.)
A collection of Research Papers by Members of the Staff of the International Monetary Fund, „The Monetary Approach to the Balance of Payments“; Washington D. C.; 1977
  
 
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