Issues of International Finance in Developing Countries Making Finance effective for Development - Part1
After the Second Worldwar, most developing countries nationalized their financial systems, with the public sector being in charge of both regulating and managing the banking system. When the inefficiencies and inequities became overwhelming, the private sector was again allowed to run banks, and the markets rather than controls played their role in allocating credit. Since then world wide banking rules and regulations have been gradually introduced.
HINWEIS: Der Vortrag ist in englischer Sprache. Das Skript zum Vortrag umfasst 6 Seiten Text.
There were other shortcomings with many a banking system in emerging countries during the 1960s and 70s. Banks provided little if any consumer or mortgage loans. Many of them were poorly diversified and supervised. They frequently held less commercial loans than government bonds and state enterprise loans, most of which they had to take on no matter how high the previous indebtedness and risk. After two decades of trial and error, financial markets were gradually liberalized and private banking was allowed to come back to compete heads on with the public institutions and sometimes to replace them.
With capital markets either nonexistent or struggling and commercial banks only providing short term loans, most governments of the developing countries decided to establish development banks, which were to provide the long term capital for industrial and agricultural investments. In a narrow sense these institutions are not banks, since most of them could not take deposits from ...
developing countries financial systems public sector banking system credit Vortrag
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